About C2

Chalk 2 plays an important role in the aerospace industry by fulfilling a requirement for all Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) operations within the National Airspace System (NAS). We specialize in the see-and-avoid component of UAS flight operations, by keeping their flight area clear of "non-participating" traffic. This is an essential duty performed by our highly trained and thoroughly qualified pilots.
     - Julie Mangold, President

Certificate(s) of Waiver or Authorization (COA’s)

In response to the growing demand for public use Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) operations, the FAA defined a process for evaluating Certificate(s) of Waiver or Authorization (COA) applications for unmanned aircraft to operate in the National Airspace System. The FAA guidance supports unmanned aircraft flight activity that can be conducted at an acceptable level of safety.

Key are the roles of pilot-in-command (PIC) and observer. The FAA’s UAS guidance applies the PIC concept to unmanned aircraft and includes minimum qualifications and currency requirements. The PIC is simply the person in control of, and responsible for, the UAS.

The role of the observer is to observe the activity of the unmanned aircraft and surrounding airspace, either through line-of-sight on the ground, or in the air by means of a chase aircraft. In general, this means the pilot or observer must be, in most cases, within 1 mile laterally and 3,000 feet vertically of the unmanned aircraft. Direct communication between the PIC and the observer must be maintained at all times.

The FAA has issued more than 50 COA’s over the past 2 years. (Adapted from FAA UAS Policy 05-01).